Guest Speaker: Hongning Wang
Talk Abstract: Mining actionable knowledge from big data provides remarkable opportunities for optimizing operations and decision making in many application domains, such as improving health care, enhancing homeland security, and accelerating scientific discovery. Since a large portion of data is produced by humans, and, more importantly, they are the ultimate consumer of knowledge, putting humans into the loop of mining big data is essential to maximize the utility of the mined knowledge. However, most existing work on big data mining has taken a data-centric perspective and emphasized efficiency and scalability of the computational infrastructures and algorithms for mining large data sets, but without much consideration of the human factors.
In this talk, I will argue for the importance of ìhuman-centric big data mining,î where the dual role of humans as both data producers and knowledge consumers must be explicitly considered; and I will present my work on mining human-generated data to discover various forms of knowledge, as well as exploiting the mined knowledge about people to optimize knowledge services for human consumers. Specifically, I will first introduce a new mining problem called Latent Aspect Rating Analysis (LARA) for analyzing human-generated opinionated text data to discover individual usersí latent opinions and preferences at the level of topical aspects. To solve the LARA problem, a unified probabilistic generative model is proposed, and it proves to be effective and enables a wide range of novel applications to bring benefit to many users such as ordinary consumers and business intelligence analysts. I will then discuss how to optimize a knowledge service system (e.g., a search engine s! ystem) via mining usersí interactive behaviors recorded in the systemís log data. I will show that by mining such log data, we can automatically organize the scattered long-term interaction behaviors of users into semantically coherent user-tasks, which can then be further exploited to explicitly model individual usersí information need and decision preferences and optimize the service of a big data application system for each user in a personalized manner.
Abouth the Speaker: Hongning Wang is a Ph.D. candidate from the Department of Computer Science at University of Illinois at Champaign-Urbana, supervised by Professor ChengXiang Zhai. His research interests include data mining, information retrieval, and machine learning, with a particular focus on computational user modeling and knowledge discovery. He has published over 20 research papers on these topics in top venues in data mining and information retrieval areas, including KDD, WWW, SIGIR and WSDM. He is the recipient of the 2012 Google PhD Fellowship in Search and Information Retrieval, and 2012 Yahoo! Key Scientific Challenges in Web Information Management. He has served on program committees for several major conferences such as ICML, ECML/PKDD, and ECIR, and reviewed for multiple journals, including IEEE TKDE, ACM TOIS, Neurocomputing and BMC Bioinformatics.
Host: Gagan Agrawal
* Hongning Wang is a CSE faculty candidate